## Electoral Methods

## D'Hondt

The D’Hondt system is an election system that aims to allocate seats to parties in proportion to the votes they received (also known as the method of proportional representation of parties). For example, if a party receives one-third of the total number of votes, it will win approximately one-third of the number of seats.

In this method there are two possible patterns: a closed list (in which the party is the one that determines the order of the candidates), and an open list (in which the choice of voters is the one that determines the order). The method used in Israel is the closed list method.

## Mixed-Member Proportional Representation (MMP)

The relative mixed method is one of the popular methods among countries that have changed their electoral system. This method combines MKs elected by direct election (according to constituencies) with methods of relative representation (total percentage / list). For example: 90 seats are divided in direct elections and 30 in proportional elections (or 80/40), so that 120 seats are formed. Balanced but also allowing citizens to be directly represented.

An independent committee will be responsible for determining the constituencie

## Dual-member Proportional Representation (DMP)

The relatively mixed two-member method is similar to MMP, except that there are 60 districts, and each district is given two seats. 120 = 2 × 60.

## Ranked Choice Voting (RCV)

## The Complementary Selection Method

The complementary selection method is similar to RCV, except that the voter must mark only two options, the most preferred option and the one that is in second place. In the first stage only the first option is considered, and if one candidate has an absolute majority, he is declared the winner. If no candidate has won an absolute majority, only the top two candidates advance to the next stage. At this point, a count of all the ballot papers is counted, including those who preferred rejected candidates, and the candidate out of the remaining two who wins the majority is declared the winner.